Home News

Facts About TMS

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive procedure used to treat certain mental health conditions, particularly major depressive disorder (MDD) that has not responded to traditional treatments like medication or therapy. TMS involves the use of magnetic fields to stimulate specific areas of the brain to alleviate symptoms of depression.

During a TMS session, the patient sits in a chair, and a specially designed electromagnetic coil is placed on their scalp, targeting specific regions of the brain associated with mood regulation, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. The coil generates brief magnetic pulses, which create a magnetic field that passes through the scalp and skull, reaching the targeted brain regions.

The magnetic pulses delivered by the TMS device induce small electrical currents in the brain. These currents help to activate or modulate neural activity in the targeted brain regions. The goal is to normalize brain activity patterns, particularly those associated with depression.

TMS treatment typically involves multiple sessions over several weeks. Initially, patients receive daily treatments, usually five days a week, for several weeks. Each session lasts around 20 minutes.

TMS is a non-invasive procedure, meaning it does not require anesthesia or surgery. Patients remain awake and alert throughout the treatment session and can resume their normal activities immediately afterward.

TMS is generally well-tolerated, and the side effects are typically mild and transient. Common side effects may include scalp discomfort or headache at the treatment site. These effects tend to diminish over time as patients adjust to the treatment.

TMS has been shown to be an effective treatment option for individuals with treatment-resistant depression. Clinical studies have demonstrated its ability to reduce depressive symptoms and improve mood. The response to TMS can vary among individuals, with some experiencing significant improvement and others experiencing more modest benefits.

TMS is an FDA-approved treatment for major depressive disorder in adults who have not responded adequately to at least one prior antidepressant medication. It is important to follow the guidelines and protocols outlined by regulatory bodies and medical professionals to ensure patient safety and optimal outcomes.

TMS is not suitable for everyone, and a comprehensive evaluation by a qualified psychiatrist is necessary to determine if TMS is an appropriate treatment option for an individual’s specific condition and needs.